GreenPeace logo vector
Greenpeace is a non-governmentalxl96 environmental organization with offices in over forty countries and with an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.xl96 Greenpeace states its goal is to “ensure the ability of the Earth to nurture life in all its diversity”xl96 and focuses its campaigning on world wide issues such as global warming, deforestation, overfishing, commercial whaling, genetic engineering, and anti-nuclear issues. Greenpeace uses direct action, lobbying and research to achieve its goals. The global organization does not accept funding from governments, corporations or political parties, relying on 2.9 million individual supporters and foundation grants.xl96xl96 Greenpeace has a general consultative status in the United Nations Economic and Social Councilxl96 and is a founding memberxl96 of the INGO Accountability Charter; an international non-governmental organization that intends to foster accountability and transparency of non-governmental organizations.
Greenpeace evolved from the peace movement and anti-nuclear protests in Vancouver, British Columbia, in the early 1970s. On September 15, 1971, the newly founded Don’t Make a Wave Committee sent a chartered ship, Phyllis Cormack, renamed Greenpeace for the protest, from Vancouver to oppose United States testing of nuclear devices in Amchitka, Alaska. The Don’t Make a Wave Committee subsequently adopted the name Greenpeace.xl96
In a few years, Greenpeace spread to several countries and started to campaign on other environmental issues such as commercial whaling and toxic waste. In the late 1970s, the different regional Greenpeace groups formed Greenpeace International to oversee the goals and operations of the regional organizations globally.xl96 Greenpeace received international attention during the 1980s when the French intelligence agency bombed the Rainbow Warrior in Auckland’s Waitemata Harbour, one of the most well-known vessels operated by Greenpeace, killing one individual.xl96 In the following years, Greenpeace evolved into one of the largest environmental organizations in the world.xl96xl96
Greenpeace is known for its direct actionsxl96xl96 and has been described as the most visible environmental organization in the world.xl96xl96 Greenpeace has raised environmental issues to public knowledge,xl96xl96xl96 and influenced both the private and the public sector.xl96xl96 Greenpeace has also been a source of controversy;xl96 its motives and methods have received criticismxl96xl96 and the organization’s direct actions have sparked legal actions against Greenpeace activists.xl96xl96